With the aid of technology, communication in our current world has taken a huge turn. These days, everyone wants to know the latest developments in their environments, as well as around the globe. Candidly, Journalism has played a large part in making sure we get these pieces of information. How then can we describe journalism?

Journalism is simply the process of spreading information about important activities in the world through channels such as television, radio, and newspaper. However, the internet has ushered in new ways of broadcasting. This then implies that journalism as a career is not only lucrative, it is equally a challenging one. Furthermore, since the main responsibilities of any journalist are to educate, inform, and enlighten everyone on happenings, we cannot overlook their roles in economic growth.

Responsibilities of Journalists

Journalism is broadly classified into two categories- Print (journals, newspapers, magazines, etc.) and Electronic (radio, internet, and television). Across the two classes, journalists’ responsibilities include:

  • Conducting Interviews
  • Scene visitations
  • Searching and gathering relevant information
  • Writing reports
  • Questioning witnesses or law enforcement agents
  • Reporting criminal accusations
  • Following up on events and those involved in them.
  • Persuading people to talk.
  • Recording conversations
  • Presenting a clear and unbiased explanation of events


Skills of Journalists

The list of career specializations in journalism continues to grow. With the increasing rate of technological tools in the field, you should begin to consider one of its specializations (to be listed later), especially if you can develop the following skills set.

  • Ability to memorize information quickly
  • Excellent writing and communication skills
  • Ability to filter relevant and irrelevant pieces of information
  • Good research skills
  • Ability to type fast
  • IT skills
  • Public speaking skills
  • Ability to present concise and meaningful information
  • Unique writing style
  • Ability to manage confidentiality

In addition, you need to be constantly curious and be able to organize and express your thoughts in a way that everyone will understand easily. You’ll have to be diplomatic and confident whenever you conduct interviews. Lastly, you’ll have to accept criticisms; there’s usually a lot of it to deal with.

Education for Journalists

Although there are many career options in journalism, many institutions still offer journalism as a course on its own. In fact, you will find it at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. However, on most occasions, you may need to have studied journalism at your undergraduate level in order to enroll in a graduate program in the field. During your studies, you’ll take courses in sports, music, television, photography, press law, and many others.

Nonetheless, you must understand that the interpersonal skills mentioned above are crucial to your success in the field. A journalism course will only educate you on the technical aspects.


Career Options in Journalism

As mentioned earlier, the field continues to grow, and with the advancement in technology, many more fields of specialization will eventually emerge. The following are some hot careers in the field.

  • Investigative Journalism
  • Broadcast Journalism
  • Reporting
  • Sports Journalism
  • Photojournalism
  • Copywriting
  • Editing
  • Grant Writing
  • Corporate Communications
  • Content Marketing
  • Public Relations


Earnings usually depend on your field of specialization and experience. For instance, Editors earn more than the rather famous Reporters, and Copywriters who have spent more years in the field will most likely earn more than a Grant Writer who is just starting out. However, the median annual salary for Journalists is about $38,000. Quite attractive if you ask me.

Average Salary in Canada: C$42,055

Average Salary in Canada: £35050

Source: Payscale

Schools to Study Journalism

You get to learn from world-class lecturers, and with career-focused facilities in the following schools.

Cardiff University, UK.

York University, Canada.

University of Florida, US.

Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland

Are you beginning to feel journalism may not actually be the best career for you? Make sure you skim through other related careers here and here. I’m sure one will be just right for you.

One more thing: I’m just an email away. Let’s create a success story together.

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