Expert Career Counselling for Students
Expert Career Counselling for Students

Food Science and Technology

food science and technology

In basic terms, Food Science and Technology deals with studying food compositions as well as looking for ways to refine them. Food scientists conduct experiments to improve the safety of foods, increase the number of days they can stay edible, enrich the taste of foods, and even add to the nutritional benefits of the things we eat. Since feeding is a habit that is common to us all, pursuing a career in Food Science and Technology is not a bad idea at all. It is lucrative and will remain relevant. So, if you happen to be a foodie, and you are naturally curious about the science of food production, you should start considering a career in the field. Read on to discover what Food scientists do.

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Duties of Food Scientists and Technologists

From researching the components of any given food to listing food nutrients on a label, experts in Food Science and Technology are involved in everything that comes to the mind when it comes to food manufacturing.

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Some of their duties include:

  • Carrying out researches to discover easier and less expensive means of food production.
  • Decreasing sugar content in food products.
  • Blending/mixing new ingredients to create new recipes.
  • Developing processes that make large-scale foods production easier.
  • Creating better ways to preserve foods, while maintaining their freshness.
  • Carrying out tests to determine the safety and quality of manufactured foods.
  • Building machines that assist in producing large quantities of food products.

Educational Background in Food Science and Technology

As a Food Science student, be prepared to take courses related to food in fields like chemistry, microbiology, nutrition science, biology, physics, agricultural science, food safety, product development, sustainable food production, and many others. It’s all about food for  Food Scientists and Technologists. So, you should be open to learning anything on food.

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Important Skills for Food Scientists and Technologists

To enjoy a successful career, every food science graduate is expected to:

  • Have mastered a teamwork spirit.
  • Be a problem solver with good analytical skills
  • Have the zeal to conduct researches.
  • Be a skillful record keeper.
  • Know how to reports into meaningful writings.
  • Possess project management skills.
  • Have a good grasp of IT.

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Job Prospects

Food scientists mostly secure employment from food production companies. However, some work with government agencies that manage and monitor food/agricultural products. Others are seen in food outlets, animal care units, agricultural research organization, and hospitals as nutritional therapists. It is also important to note that you can start your food farm and manufacture your own farm products. The training you must have received during your studies should be just enough.


Lowest annual income: $42,000

Highest annual income: $72,000

Average annual income: $60,500 


Best University to Study Food Science and Technology

Study at The Royal Agricultural University, United Kingdom, and enjoy career-aiding benefits such as:

  • A wide range of accredited courses in Food Science and Agriculture
  • Research tools and well-equipped laboratories.
  • An opportunity to farm.
  • Comprehensive Graduate programs.
  • A lively community where everyone thrives.

Further Readings

Agricultural science is an irresistibly lucrative field. Do check Agricultural Engineering to learn about other exciting careers in the field. If you have any questions, or perhaps would like to study Food Science and Technology with RAU, do the needful. Send us an email or chat us up directly. We’d be glad to help.

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