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Career Specializations in Medical Sciences

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To practice Medicine, there is an array of options/ specializations that can be delved into. In fact, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and The American Medical Association have been able to compile over 140 and 200 distinct fields of specialization respectively. While it is generally believed that the complexity of the human anatomy is a major contributor to the ever-increasing list of career categories in the field, it is important to note that advancement in scientific researches, as well as the continuous discovery of diseases and viruses, have equally been crucial factors.

With this background, it becomes easy to understand that:

  • The relevance of Medical Doctors cannot be overestimated.
  • Medical Doctors will continue to be in high demand.
  • Specializations in the field cannot be exhausted.
  • Medical Doctors may have expertise in more than a category/ specialization.
  • Medicine as a career is lucrative.

The succeeding notes explain a few of the career specializations in Medicine as well as their average earnings.

Physician: Generally, a physician administers basic medical services to patients in hospitals and some other medical facilities. He or she is charged with carrying out diagnosis and treating different forms of illnesses which include, but not restricted to Acute health complications and chronic health issues. A physician equally provides preventive health measures/ services such as periodical checkups, immunizations, screening tests, among others. However, when treating and containing major diseases, physicians usually enlist the assistance of other specialists in a bid to administer adequate care for such patients.

INCOME: The average monthly earnings of a Physician is $192,000

Internist: Just like a physician, an internist carries out comprehensive medical services which may either be chronic or acute in nature. He or she is trained to conduct diagnosis and implement treatments for health issues in areas such as The Endocrine System (Kidney), The Digestive System (Stomach), The Respiratory System (Lungs), The Circulatory System (Blood) and The Cardiovascular System (Heart). By extension, an Internist treats mental health and drug abuse cases.

INCOME: The average monthly earnings of an Internist is $ 196,000

Surgeon: A surgeon is trained to treat health issues that may spring up in different parts of the human body. Basically, a surgeon applies minimally invasive techniques in administering treatments such as removal of tumors from different parts of the body and correction of thyroid disorders. Quite a good number of surgeons eventually become specialists in Medical fields such as Orthopedics, Trauma, Oncology, Organ Transplant, and Pediatrics.

INCOME: The average monthly earnings of a Surgeon is $ 250,000

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Anesthesiologist: A healthcare specialist who provides and controls anesthesia for patients during diagnosis and surgery is known as an Anesthesiologist. In surgical cases, he or she is tasked with examining patients’ body temperature, level of consciousness, and some other vital states of health. For neurology, an Anesthesiologist examines oxygen levels, neurological functions as well as the blood pressure of patients. In addition, upon the completion of surgical or neurological procedures, Anesthesiologists usually work with nurses in a bid to cement the recovery of patients.

INCOME: The average monthly earnings of an Anesthesiologist is $ 250,000

Pediatrician: A pediatrician is a physician who manages a child’s health care from conception to when such a child becomes an adult. However, his or her duty is not just restricted to a child’s physical health care, the social and emotional growth of such a child is equally monitored and controlled. Pediatricians equally administer health care services such as screening tests, Immunizations, among others.

INCOME: The average monthly earnings of a Pediatrician is $ 180,000


Around the globe, there is a countless number of colleges/ tertiary institutions that offer degree programs in Medicine. However, the following are some of the institutions with adequate facilities and international repute.

Kindly hit THIS to send us an email, should you need additional information or clarifications.

Also, go through “Education and Licensing Demands for Medical Doctors” and “Medicine: Where Art and Science Meet.”

REMEMBER: We are here to give you the most applicable career counsel.

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